This issue surveys Hampton University’s art and archival collections and their connections to the larger history of African American achievement. The Hampton University Museum’s distinctions include being the oldest African American museum and holding one of the largest collections of fine art by African Americans. With the acquisition of two paintings by Henry O. Tanner in 1894, Hampton was the first institution to establish a collection of African American art. Its African (traditional and contemporary fine art), archival and photographic collections are also extensive. Essays in this issue discuss the history of the collections viv-a-vis the history of African American art and culture.